Read The Scientist in the Crib: Minds, Brains, And How Children Learn by Alison Gopnik Andrew N. Meltzoff Patricia K. Kuhl Online


This book combines two worlds -- children and science -- in an entirely unique way that yields exciting discoveries about both. The authors show that by the time children are three, they've solved problems that stumped Socrates with an agility computers still can't match. The Scientist in the Crib explains just how, and how much, babies and young children know and learn, aThis book combines two worlds -- children and science -- in an entirely unique way that yields exciting discoveries about both. The authors show that by the time children are three, they've solved problems that stumped Socrates with an agility computers still can't match. The Scientist in the Crib explains just how, and how much, babies and young children know and learn, and how much parents naturally teach them. In fact, The Scientist in the Crib argues that evolution designed us to both teach and learn. Nurture is our nature, and the drive to learn is our most important instinct.The new science of children also reveals insights about our adult capacities, helping to solve some ancient questions: How do we know there really is a world out there? How do we know that other people have minds like ours? It turns out that we find solutions to these problems when we are very small. But these astonishing capabilities don't disappear in later life, as the authors show in their engaging discussion of humans' potential for learning. In fact, they argue that even very young children -- as well as adults use some of the same methods that allow scientists to learn so much about the world.Written by three top scientists -- themselves parents -- who conducted much of the pioneering research in this field, The Scientist in the Crib is vivid, lucid, and often funny. Filled with surprises at every turn, it gives us a new view of the inner life of children and the mysteries of the mind....

Title : The Scientist in the Crib: Minds, Brains, And How Children Learn
Author :
Rating :
ISBN : 9780688159887
Format Type : Hardcover
Number of Pages : 304 Pages
Status : Available For Download
Last checked : 21 Minutes ago!

The Scientist in the Crib: Minds, Brains, And How Children Learn Reviews

  • Tomas Ramanauskas
    2019-06-08 15:16

    When a book has 40 pages of references, you know the authors might've done their homework."How Babies Think" turns out to be a bit of mixed apples. You get some insightful findings, and then you understand that Alison Gopnik & the gang needed a book so badly they overstreched it by half. The book makes an initial promise not to help you become a better parent but to shed some light on how babies see, hear, learn language and ultimately think. And does just that.Some of the highlights:-It turns out their brains are firing up twice as intensively than our poor adult brain. Hence, the constant amazement. -Kids will learn foreign language without forced constraints or patterns of their mother tongue, if they do it until around the age 7. They will not have an accent if they learn it by puberty.-One year olds and alike are completely influenced by parents' choices - when we say that something is tasty (even if it reeks), kid trusts us, and vice versa. Beware, this paradise ends soon.-The terrible twos are not exclusively terrible - they are beginning to understand that other people are different from them and tend to like different things. So they elope on a mission to see what things exactly and how much. And "no" doesn't mean anything to them for some time.-First time I've heard about Williams syndrome, the opposite of Autism in some respects.-"Motherese", or the semi-moronic language which parents use to talk to their kids is actually a useful thing (slow, repetitive, full of emotion), damn it.-Oh, and playing Mozart to your toddler doesn't do shit.

  • Lynne
    2019-06-17 16:15

    This was an interesting book. The authors review some interesting research on how infants learn in the first years of life. If it weren't for Chapter 5, I would have rated it higher. You can skip this chapter if you read the book. All this chapter does is repeat the same studies over and over (and over) again and make this really weird drawn out comparison of babies to computers and scientists that doesn't even make sense half the time.

  • Andi
    2019-05-31 19:49

    My overall impression of this book is a favorable one. The information was relevant, easily digested, and had snippets of humor interjected here and there. The resources used to compile this book were extensive and credible. The notes on the material were comprehensive. The first chapter dealt mainly with the history of the study of children, dating back to early philosophers like Plato, Socrates, and Meno. The chapter made me quite nostalgic for my philosophy classes. I think I'm much better equipped as a 30-year old mother to debate such topics as the Other World problem and the External World problem than I was as an 18-year old college freshman. Also presented in the history of developmental theory are Locke, Piaget (who I did not know was a child genius), Freud, Skinner, and Vygotsky. It's quite interesting to see the progression of thinking about thinking (learning) condensed into such a small timeline. We really have come a long way!Chapters two, three, and four all deal with what children know about people, things, and language. The general consensus at this time seems to be that children come with innate knowledge of some things, have the ability to learn others, and are surround by adults who seem to innately want to teach them. It seems like common sense, but for years it actually wasn't. These chapters briefly touched on various syndromes that seem to involve some sort of breakdown in the pre-programming that children seem to have. The real gem in this section came from the discussion about language learning and development being influenced by region and environment. As children develop new ways of thinking, they develop new was to communicate these thought processes. For example, when a child learns the concept of failure, he/she also develops ways to communicate this, sometimes putting a word or a phrase into multipurpose use (like calling all animals with four feet "doggie"), which brings us to this passage...American babies use [...] uh-oh to describe failures, while the babies in the Oxford villas used the more genteel oh dear (although one British baby did briefly but memorably say oh bugger).Chapters five and six deal with the specific topics of children's minds and brains. A lot of this information was not new to me, and some of it was even recycled information from earlier in the book (though I will grant that it was tied in with new-to-the-book concepts). The information was very easy to understand, partially because it was explained well (though talking about how computers works makes my brain want to explode) and in part because the information provided was very superficial and lacked a lot of detail. Again, it was at the very least good for a chuckle...For most grown-ups, for most of history, that learning [responsibility-free childhood learning] may have largely stopped when we reached maturity and turned to the more central evolutionary business of the four f's (feeding, feeling, fighting, and engaging in sexual reproduction).Predictably, the last chapter was a call for more study as well as the reasons why more study is justified. Basically, it let the reader finish the book with a warm fuzzy.I’m happy to have read this book, and it will keep its place on my bookshelf. It’s a good starter-book for someone interested in child development. There are certainly more detailed books available, but this is a good appetite-wetter.

  • Anastasia
    2019-06-10 22:05

    I was sorely disappointed by this book. I had heard a lot of people raving about; but when I think about it, I don't remember if the raves came from child-free people or from parents. I thought this would be an important book for me, as a parent, to read. My impression of it, however, was that it was written by college professors who wanted a light, fun, superficial, yet scientific, quick read, pseudo-textbook to use with their undergrads. The examples of children and children's behavior were either limited to experiments or were phrased in that vague, over-generalizing way often used by people who don't have children or who had them so long ago they can only remember the generalities.Still, I guess it was revolutionary in 1999, when this book was published, to assert that babies, newborns even, could actually think! I found this assertion obvious in 2007, having had 21 months of getting to know my son and having read a fair number of parenting books. But maybe that's just me?I did like the information on page 38 about two year olds' need to test conflict, not for the sheer sake of it, but to understand it. Chapter 5, comparing human minds to computers, was incredibly boring, and to me, absolutely demeaning. I am not a computer, my brain is not a computer. I don't believe using a human-created object such as a computer, is a valid way to look at or understand the human brain (or mind) and I find examples comparing thinking to using computer programs trite and insulting. Again, perhaps just me.If you've read anything by William and Martha Sears, any homebirth-focused book, any modern child development book (except maybe Baby Wise), then there is no need for you to waste your time with the Scientist in the Crib.

  • Tracy Lowe
    2019-06-25 19:56

    This book is an excellent introduction to understanding child development. The authors take the time to remind readers that although babies are individuals. Babies have perceptions about the world—they are constantly absorbing information and analyzing and interpreting it to draw their own conclusions. The authors take the time to clearly explain the thought process and how they acquire knowledge. Plenty of case studies and anecdotal evidence make the science of infant brain development accessible and easy to understand. The book follows a logical path starting with background information about the different views of infant development over the years. The first chapters then describe what children know about people, things and language. The final half of the book addresses what scientists have learned about children’s minds and brains before a concluding chapter that puts the book into context by addressing ways which this research has been applied and also by suggesting further directions.I would recommend this book to both parents and professionals. Parents will find the book enlightening as a way of understanding what their baby knows about the world and how they are learning this. Professionals will find helpful theories, research and explanations which can underline their practice and further the field of infant development. This book is an excellent resource for both parents and professionals.

  • Alison
    2019-06-09 21:53

    I really liked this explanation of how babies learn and the scientific experiments that people do to them to determine this. It covers how we learn language and that the other person is different from you and one other topic that I've forgotten. The majority of the book was fascinating and made babies so much more understandable. (There's a reason they mimic your gestures. There's a reason they can make all kinds of sounds.) The last chapter was a long-winded conclusion which just restated all of the previous interesting information. If you have no time, just read the last chapter and if you have more time, read the rest and skip the last chapter.

  • Stuart Macalpine
    2019-06-03 21:12

    An interesting book about the way children's understanding of the world develops in the first few years and indeed months of life. Some fascinating insights, for example that very young babies identify objects primarily by their trajectory and even if they change shape or form behind a screen and a tractor comes out as a rabbit, they will continue to assume it is the same object that is travelling at the same speed and on the same trajectory as when it went in, and the fact that this changes as babies begin to categorise objects differently. Also very interesting about babies' proficiency with object classification versus action classification depending on the grammatical structure of the language they learn early on.I found the presence of a rather strong ethnocentrism in the asides and anecdotes distracting.

  • Viola
    2019-05-28 22:17

    The Scientist in the Crib: What Early Learning Tells Us About the Mind has a great premise – that babies are a lot smarter and much more cognitively capable than previously thought. The three co-authors of this book explore and develop this main premise by first introducing the historical assumptions about babies and then contrasting that with research within the field of developmental psychology for infants, which started around the 1970s. The research, as they report, consistently paints a picture of very intelligent human beings deciphering the new world around them. And the authors do not hide their utter and complete awe of babies. Great premise. I buy it already. I don’t need to be convinced of it.But, for a book that has “scientist” in its title and that begins by touting itself as a book about science, there is actually very little science presented. All conclusions of the research is presented in general terms with zero data, as if the conclusions were just accepted as fact with no variation, nuance, or controversy. That isn’t science. I’m not accusing the authors of making up the conclusions or of the facts not being backed up by the appropriate scholarly articles. Indeed, the notes and references sections are quite extensive. But in the text of the book, there is no presentation or discussion of the results of experiments. For example, one of the results presented early on tells us that babies can distinguish their mother’s voice and prefer it. Well, is this universal? Is the result that 100% the babies tested turned towards their mother’s voice over a stranger? What was the sample size? Are there competing theories to explain the same behavior? Is preference solely determined by heads turning? When was this study done? What progress has been made since then? Is this a generally accepted fact in the field because it has been successfully replicated? And that’s just the start of my questions.The book is organized into 7 chapters. Chapter 1 introduces the general premise of the book and introduces the three main problems of babies: (1) the problem of Other Minds, (2) the problem of the External World (i.e., Things), and (3) the problem of Language. Then the next three chapters elaborates on each of these topics in turn. That gives us a total of 4 chapters. Next comes the worst chapter ever – Chapter 5. What in the world were the authors thinking in writing this awful chapter? And what kind of editor would allow it to remain? The chapter repeats the previous chapters and then goes into a bizarre comparison of scientists to babies. As in scientists are like babies. What?!? No! It’s absurd. It’s as if the authors are so enamored of babies that they want to force their adult square pegs into the babies round hole. It doesn’t work, no matter how much you try or desire it.The last two chapters, thankfully, return to sanity. Chapter 6 offers a deeper understanding of the brain, how it works, and how it gets wired. Quite interesting. And Chapter 7 concludes by touching upon policy implications. Reasonable enough.All in all, I can’t really say that I recommend this book. In addition to all the above problems, having been written in 1999, surely the information is dated and new research has cropped up. I’m glad that the authors are arguing in favor of the awesome cognitive abilities of babies. I agree with that. But I need a more scientific discussion, especially for a book that purports to be about science. I got more statistics out of a potty training book. Just a mere how-to book reported statistics like the average age of boys and girls being potty trained and average times of how long it took and the percentage of boys and girls potty trained by age 4.

  • Jules
    2019-06-18 21:57

    This book is nearly 15 years old, and it felt that way to me; having read other books on infant development lately, I found it a less informative repeat of other information I've read elsewhere. I did enjoy some of the studies referenced, like how infants interpret movement and common first words. Sometimes the authors seemed to be too self-referential, and entertaining themselves with their own anecdotes or theories (like the exhausting "scientist as child" chapter). While it was a reasonable overview, I'd probably recommend a book like "Einstein Never Used Flash Cards" over this one.

  • Amy
    2019-06-12 17:54

    It is often very hard for me to read a book on a subject which I am currently studying or otherwise working in as a fun read or as a side book for entertainment. It's difficult to enjoy a topic or find new things to seek out independently regarding the field in which one works when it is a part of one's everyday life and strife (but don't get me wrong...I love what I do). However, this book was an exception to this rule. Given to me as a suggested read by a fellow colleague, I found that this book was not only highly enlightening about infant development but also a breeze to read. This was NOTHING like the dense material I am used to reading in my graduate and undergraduate studies but rather easy and written for the lay person audience in describing the complex nature of brain development while still discussing important research. The flow of this book was simply incredible and made the topic of brain development, a typically un-reader-friendly topic, very digestible. I would highly recommend for anyone who wants to learn about early development, whether educated professional, curious learner, or parent to pick up this book and take in the beauty and knowledge that the authors have to offer.

  • Hyokun Yun
    2019-06-01 15:00

    This book provides a very gentle and casual introduction to developmental psychology. As I was completely ignorant of the field, it was very interesting for me to learn how developmental psychologists set up experiments for babies, and what they have found about early learning. Authors' main thesis that babies iteratively update their understanding of the world through observations and interactions with people, and that such a learning process is very similar to the research process of scientists, are quite amusing. Authors were not so ambitious, however, and the book does not extend much beyond this thesis, which was a little bit disappointing to me; this book just contains about 200 pages, and only handful of experimental results are discussed. They also insert jokes and their anecdotes time to time, which were mildly distracting, but understandable for a casual book.

  • Sandeep Gautam
    2019-05-30 19:53

    Babies and infants are fascinating and this book will open up new vistas of fascination with what kinds of brains and minds babies have. Loosely organized as solving the problem of other minds, of physical objects and of understanding language, this book is tour-d-force of latest in infant and child developmental psychology- the only regret I have is that it stops at 3 year olds and doesn't provide any insights beyond that age.The authors use humor quite appropriately throughout the book and it is easily comprehensible by a layman. For anyone interested in understanding babies (and who isn't?), this is a must read.

  • Cathy Chou
    2019-06-24 18:00

    The book tells you how 0-3-year olds operate like scientists to learn about the world. It tells you how they gradually come to learn that other people have minds similar but also independent from their own, the physics of the world, and the nuances of language. The authors argue that adults are as mature as we are today because we retain the scientific inquiry capabilities that we had possessed since infancy. I loved the first four chapters of the book, but found the latter three chapters to be repeating what was already stated prior. The writing is clever.

  • Zach Irvin
    2019-06-01 17:11

    I thought this was a very good, semi-technical book about the brain development of infants and toddlers. Given that it was written in 1999, the information is, I'm sure, a little dated, but in general it seemed like an accurate account of how children learn, at least according to my limited experience with children. Most of the book demonstrates the fact that nature and nurture are both important factors in early development, it's not just one or the other. In the last chapter the authors touch on how their discoveries could be used to inform policy decisions regarding young children, parents and careers. I felt that this should have been a more in-depth discussion, but other than that I enjoyed the book. Probably I'll look around for some more recent books on this subject, since it's so pertinent to my current life.

  • Sameer
    2019-05-31 20:53

    Mostly obvious (to parents) stuff, packaged in too big a book.

  • Matthew Davis
    2019-06-02 19:08

    Great read, interesting. Could have had even more science and studies reported.

  • Ro Pannesi
    2019-06-01 14:49

    There's good info in this book, but nothing that anyone who has spent time in the presence of infants does not already know.

  • Seebany
    2019-05-31 14:17

    This book was fascinating for its premise that babies are 1) born with preconceived ideas, 2) test them out and are able to adapt their understanding of reality rapidly (unlike most adults), and 3) have powerful tools for learning, i.e., the caregivers around them. They use a lot of analogies, i.e., that they are scientists or that they are like computers unlike any we've ever built.It's broken into three main sections on what babies know and learn about a) other people, b) things in the world, and c) language. For the first parts of the book I sort of felt like the authors' premise was more about "The Philosopher in the Crib" because cognitive science, the way they laid it out, is very much about philosophical questions. But it was all very interesting. And the experiments that they talk about* showing what we know about the way babies think are amazing. For example, at four months an American baby can distinguish all the phonemes of English. But they can also also separate out all the sounds of Swahili, too. By one year, though, they've lost this ability, or rather, traded it for added fluency in their home language.Given my enjoyment of Sacks's "The Man Who Mistook His Wife for a Hat," perhaps I just like a certain type of book: popular science nonfiction about the mind. In another life, maybe I would've been a cognitive scientist.FYI, I understand Alison Gopnik is the sister of Adam Gopnik, the New Yorker writer. That's why the name looks familiar.* all the references to the experiments are in the Appendix, so you can track down the actual articles.

  • Chelsea
    2019-06-04 15:50

    A fascinating book about babies' intelligence and plasticity. The authors argue that babies are neither blank slates-- born stupid until adults pour information into them--nor physically predetermined to develop at certain intervals, without much influence from adults. Rather, babies are born with a surprising amount of knowledge and ability, and then they take on huge volumes of information from the world and other people by actively seeking out evidence and experimenting with it.The early chapters describing how babies learn about people, objects, and language are riveting. Later chapters on the structure of baby minds and brains are less interesting, as they repeat quite a lot of what's already been said. I appreciated the final chapter's caution against quack baby learning experts and its call for more parent-friendly policies in the US.I enjoyed the authors' style. They elucidate scientific evidence clearly for laypeople, with plenty of humour and fellow-parent-feeling. One real drawback to this book is the ableist language. Conditions like autism and dyslexia are described as "tragic" exceptions to the rule that babies are intelligent. I hope the authors revisit their choice of words in any future edition.

  • Ann
    2019-05-28 17:04

    This book, written for the layperson, is a well-written, comprehensive look at the minds and brains of very young children, a theory concerning what children know from birth and an explanation of how they learn in the first few years of their lives. The analogies help the non-scientific among us to understand, to some degree, how the brain works. The descriptions of the experiments that back-up the theories are fun to read and make me almost want to be one of those researchers who get to play with children for a living. The occasional one-liners and parenthetical asides add a witty lightness to the text. The theories presented make sense to me as a layperson though there are other scientists who may not agree with them. The only fault I find comes at the end of the book where for a chapter or two the authors seem to be summing up their positions over and over again. That said, however, Chapter 6, “What Scientists Have Learned about Children’s Brains” was fascinating and well worth the time.On the whole, it was a very interesting and fun book to read.

  • Leahc
    2019-05-30 21:58

    I got this book for Christmas from my Dad and Stepmom for Christmas and was just able to pick it up now. I wish that I would have read it sooner as it is one of the best books I have read. I don't know...maybe it's because I'm a new parent (still I think!) but the studies of kids in different scenarios was so interesting and it allowed me to look at my daughter is a new light. Not that I didn't think she was always learning as I already knew that...but the level of things babies know is crazy. They are very smart even at such young ages. Chapter 4 was a little slow, but not slow enough to take a star away. The last chapter was just wonderful. It's a wrap up of the book, but it also makes some statements about parenting that I love and fully agree with. I think if you have kids this is a must read. If you don't I still think it's an interesting read. I for one am fascinated with child development research now. In fact Lucy will be participating in a study at Northwestern this afternoon.

  • Michael
    2019-06-05 14:50

    This book is by three developmental psychologists who study how babies and toddlers learn. At its best, the book shows how experiments and observations have overturned long held preconceptions on just what babies know at different stages of their development. Bottom line: a heck of a lot more than what we used to think.However, this truly interesting material could be boiled down to about 40-50 pages of this 200 page book. The rest of the book is plagued by overly long set ups to points, strained (and, in one case, involving how eye sight works, just plain wrong) examples and analogies, and somewhere near the halfway point, the authors ran out of experiments and facts to convey and they rehash the same material in different contexts while coming to basically the same conclusions. This book truly lacked competent editorial guidance, as it reads more like a first draft -- the first of many -- rather than an acceptable final product. Stay away.

  • Patti
    2019-06-11 17:17

    This book wasn't as interesting as I hoped it would be, but I loved the chapter on language. It was fascinating to read that when babies initially begin to babble, they are able to differentiate all spoken sounds. Then the culture they are living in exerts its influence."Once babies reach the babbling milestone, the universal phase of language production ends. Babies from different cultures, learning different languages, start to make the distinctive noises of their own community sometime between a year and a year and a half. The Chinese baby starts to babble in a way that sounds Chinese. She uses very rapid pitch changes just like adult Chinese speakers. Swedish babies babble in a way that sounds distinctly Swedish, using the rising intonation patterns typical of adult speakers of Swedish."The research described in this book gave good reasons why I am constantly amazed every time I spend time with my grandsons.

  • Cissy
    2019-06-12 14:56

    I actually really liked most of this book; there were a couple of not-so-great chapters and I don't think that most readers would enjoy the textbook-like format. It doesn't give any parenting advice, but it does give great information about developmental stages, language acquisition, and studies on babies and very young children. It also gave a brief history on how child development has become a respected, even exciting scientific arena. I recommend browsing the chapters and reading through anything that grabs your attention;reading the book straight through you'll notice a lot of repetition of themes. In essence, I'm glad I borrowed it from the library, I'm glad I read it, and I'm glad I didn't buy it because I won't likely read it again. (Although I will remember a lot of the truly amazing studies they described.)

  • Christa
    2019-06-06 20:05

    So far, I am extremely irritated at the tone of this book. It's like it doesn't believe what it has to say is interesting, so it keeps trying to tie it into stuff that I don't give a crap about. It's like watching a documentary about insects and having Oprah's voice-over speculatively anthropomorphizing the whole time. For example, it says giving birth is "like a cross between running a marathon and having the most enormous, shattering, irresistible orgasm of your life." Why are there so many adjectives before "orgasm"? Then it goes further to say "The romance doesn't come, sadly, with every birth, just as the parallel romance of true love doesn't come with every sexual encounter." Am I weird for thinking that the authors are forcing an unnecessary correlation? Anyway. We'll see if I can get control of my gag reflex enough to read beyond the 35 pages it took this book to annoy me.

  • ErinHopkins Weber
    2019-06-14 18:59

    What a great book! This book explains some really crazy things in a way that is easy to understand yet not overly simplified. It is both fascinating and funny. It kind of reminds me of the public radio show Radio Lab if that means anything to you.I know I am going to be annoying people in the near future spouting out all my new found knowledge - the way we learn language is particularly interesting!The first half is more interesting than the second, which is a little slow at times and repetitive. However, I did learn a lot about the brain that I didn't know (both mine and my baby's). Also I appreciate the chance to learn something about babies with out getting an earful of unwanted advice! If you live with a baby or if you just want to learn about how your own brain works and get a few laughs in the mean time, I recommend this book.

  • Carol
    2019-06-19 15:02

    This is a fascinating read and a great companion to The Brain That Changes Itself. It's all about what scientists have learned about babies, infants and toddlers and how they learn. I would have given it five stars, but frankly, I did get a little bored about halfway through and my reading of it stalled. The writing is not as spell-binding (a little more clinical sometimes) than Norman Doidge.Still, the information it contains is fascinating and really made me think about what my kids have done, experienced and seen in their short lives and how it's affected them. I would hope that just about any parent would find its information interesting and thought-provoking.

  • Richard
    2019-06-17 17:12

    I have just finished reading this book for the third time (I first read it when it was published eight or nine years ago), reading it this time because my elder daughter has just had her first born, and I will do a bit of child care. Unlike most 'baby books,' this one is not a 'how to' book nor a week by week description of what to expect of a new born. The three authors instead explain what is now known (as of 2000) about how babies see the world and learn about people, language, and themselves. For any one new to parenthood or being in the presence of babies, I highly recommend 'Scientist in the Crib'. It will give you a new way of seeing and understanding that little tyke you're watching.

  • Aethyreal
    2019-06-22 15:16

    This book is a little old now but the information on what we know about babies' minds and how we know it is still fascinating. After first going over some history of how we adults have viewed babies' minds historically, the book then dives into three big questions: How do babies figure out that other people have minds? How do babies make sense of the world around them from the chaotic information their senses provide? and How do babies learn language? The book then goes on to try and integrate some of the information from the various questions and gives some information about what science has learned (as of 1999) about children's brains.

  • Joe Robles
    2019-06-15 21:06

    I first read this book when it originally came out and decided to reread it as a refresher on child development (lots of my friends have kids). It was as informative as I remember. This is truly the instruction manual for babies. I don't mean it gives you tips on how to raise them, no, it tells you how their brains actually develop and how they learn about the world. Based on tons of research but written in a way that you don't need a degree to understand (though if you have a degree you appreciate that every idea is backed up with experimental data.)If you ever wondered why your kids make goo goo sounds or why they call every four legged animal "doggie" this book is for you.